What is a Strain?

The Latin name for marijuana is Cannabis and it comes in 3 species or types, Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. For our purposes, this newsletter will focus on the Sativa and Indica varieties. A strain is the term used to describe a naturally occuring or artificially bred combination of either of these two types ranging from a pure Sativa to a pure Indica with any ratio of both being referred to as a hybrid. So all of the fancy, colourful strain names that you will see on LP’s websites are really only either a Sativa, an Indica, or a hybrid of both which already simplifies and demystifies the selection process as we will see shortly.

Cannabis Sativa

Sativa strain types are known to produce an uplifting and cerebral high that is typically very energizing and stimulating. Sativa are known to make you laugh uncontrollably or engage in in-depth conversations about the meaning of life. These strains typically cause you to analyze the human experience and think creatively, which makes Cannabis Sativa very popular among philosophers, artists and musicians. Some Sativa have even been found to enhance lights and sounds, making music, movies, and the rest of your surroundings more vibrant than ever before.

Patients looking for the perfect morning medication or daytime relief could benefit from accompanying their breakfast or lunch with a vaporizer packed with a high quality Sativa

Cannabis Indica

The effects produced by Indica strain types are very relaxing and narcotic-like, typically providing a full-body, or “couch-locked” effect. Indica are perfect for those days spent curled up on the couch watching TV, or surfing the web. However, most people use Cannabis Indica after a long day at work to relieve stress, provide full-body pain relief, and help them fall asleep at night.

Indica strains are ideal for chronic pain, muscle spasms, anxiety, nausea, appetite stimulation, and sleep deprivation. Individuals who suffer from diseases like multiple sclerosis, fibromyalgia, lupus, sleep apnea and insomnia tend to benefit from the effects of Cannabis Indica.


There are a wide range of cannabis strains in between Indica and Sativa. These strains are known as “Hybrids” and show traits directly related to the genetics in its lineage. Hybrids can be broken down into three basic categories:

  1. Sativa-dominant Hybrids: Cerebral high with a relaxing body effect. Provides physical and mental relief.
  2. Even Hybrids (50/50): Ideal strains for people seeking a perfect balance of head and body.
  3. Indica-dominant Hybrids: These strains provide a full-body pain relief, with a relaxing head high. Recommended for nighttime use to go to sleep, or daytime relief from minor pain. These strains are perfect for patients who suffer from all types of autoimmune diseases as well as insomnia or depression.

We will talk more at length about how these varieties achieve such distinct results through THC and CBD ratios in a future newsletters but as you can see, with the addition of just these three words to your medical marijuana vocabulary, you will open up the entire menu of medicines available through Canadian licensed producers.

  1. May 30, 2015

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  2. March 27, 2017

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